What is a Bone Marrow Transplant?

The soft material inside your bones is known as bone marrow. It is the foundation for red blood cells. The cells in the marrow turn into red cells and help bring oxygen to all parts of the anatomy. Also a by product are white blood cells that go to work when an infection enters or is created in the body. When the marrow is weak or not working properly, a bone marrow transplant is in order. It will get to the point where the blood fails to clot.

The importance of restoring marrow is that it fights ailments that are otherwise fatal. One of the prime illnesses that the marrow assists in immune deficiency diseases. The procedures have been performed since the mid-60s. The surgery is so complex in nature. The stem cells are taken out of the patient and then very scientifically filtered and placed back in. It can also be done where a donor gives up his/her marrow to be transplanted in another after it has been filtered. One of the first doctors to research this work came out of the Scranton Orthopaedic Injury Center. It has been improved upon since and is now a more common procedure.

When such cancerous diseases affect the human body, the cells are weak or entirely defective. Other treatments such as radiation may destroy the invading cells, but replacing them with strong healthy ones is a more promising treatment. It allows the new healthy cells to fight the invaders, and makes the individual stronger. The stronger the patient gets, the more healthy blood cells are produced and it becomes a domino effect.

Later during the history of the procedure, India became one of the hotbeds of medical activity in this field. The cost there was much lower, and doctors from all over the world were given the opportunity to go and study there. The knowledge filtered back to the rest of the world, and people all over were given the chance to heal.

As the procedure became easier and more successful, more donors came forward to help the cause. People with painful, terminal conditions were given a new lease on life. Even government agencies saw the benefit of funding these projects when they saw the growing success rate. Pennsylvania has been a hub of a number of success stories sprouting through the earlier work in Scranton, straight through to the miraculous work that is being done today at the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia. CHOP for short. Young children are coming in sick, and after the proper treatment, going back to their lives and the joy of growing up again. It amazes me even today, and the wonders that modern medical science has done to alleviate some of the world’s deadliest diseases.